Show User's Location aka. Blue Dot

In this tutorial we will cover how you can implement a positioning system with the MapsIndoors SDK, and use it to have a position indicator for the user (blue dot) shown on the map. We will be creating a PositionProvider (implementing the MPPositionProvider interface), which for the purpose of this tutorial will produce random positions, and attach it to the MapsIndoors SDK which will render the blue dot. We also cover how the blue dot can be styled by modifying its Display Rule.

We will start by creating our implementation of the MPPositionProvider interface.

Implementing a Position Provider

Start by creating the class PositionProvider that implements MPPositionProvider:

class PositionProvider : MPPositionProvider

Add these member variables to PositionProvider:

  • mUpdateListeners: A list for holding listeners

  • mLatestPosition: The latest derived position result

  • mPositionProducer: A timer we will use to execute our positioning code periodically

  • mWhiteHouseBounds: Latitude/longitude coordinate bounds for a part of the White House building

private val mUpdateListeners = ArrayList<OnPositionUpdateListener>()
private var mLatestPosition: MPPositionResultInterface? = null
private var mPositionProducer : Timer? = null
private val mWhiteHouseBounds = MPLatLngBounds(MPLatLng(38.897545509875954, -77.03687635385639), MPLatLng(38.89779861672662, -77.03623597646553))

Next, implement the addOnPositionUpdateListener and removeOnPositionUpdateListener, which adds and removes an entry in our list mUpdateListeners.

override fun addOnPositionUpdateListener(updateListener: OnPositionUpdateListener) {

override fun removeOnPositionUpdateListener(updateListener: OnPositionUpdateListener) {

Next, implement getLatestPosition, returning mLatestPosition:

override fun getLatestPosition(): MPPositionResultInterface? {
    return mLatestPosition

These three methods require an implementation as the MapsIndoors SDK needs to attach a listener to be notified of positioning changes, as well as get the latest positioning. As long as these three methods are implemented in this manner, you are free to implement the rest of your position provider class as you see fit.

Next, we need to set up some code to generate random positioning results. We define two methods start() and stop() on our class PositionProvider. In the body of start() we start a fixed schedule timer task to execute every second - until our stop() method is called.

fun start(){
    mPositionProducer = Timer(true)
    mPositionProducer?.scheduleAtFixedRate(object: TimerTask() {
        override fun run() {

    }, 0, 1000L)

fun stop(){

In the timer task's run() method, we compute a random latitude/longitude position within some defined bounds. We create a new MPPoint for the derived position. We also randomize accuracy (meters) and bearing (degrees) values, and create a new MPPositionResult. The position result can optionally have a bearing. Some positioning systems support this, some don't. Refer to the documentation of your chosen positioning provider for this information.

override fun run() {
    // Produce a random positioning inside The White House bounds
    val randomLat = Random.nextDouble(,
    val randomLng = Random.nextDouble(mWhiteHouseBounds.southWest.lng, mWhiteHouseBounds.northEast.lng)

    val floorIndex = 10.0
    val accuracy = (3..10).random().toFloat() // In meters
    val bearing = (0..360).random().toFloat() // In degrees

    val position = MPPoint(randomLat, randomLng, floorIndex)

    // Randomize whether or not the position result has a bearing
    if(Random.nextInt() % 2 == 0)
        mLatestPosition = MPPositionResult(position, accuracy, bearing)
        mLatestPosition = MPPositionResult(position, accuracy)

    // Report the updated positioning to attached listeners
    for(listener in mUpdateListeners){
        listener.onPositionUpdate(mLatestPosition as MPPositionResult)

When we have derived a new position and assigned it to mLatestPosition, we invoke onPositionUpdate() on each attached update listener.

We have now completed the implementation of PositionProvider - we will now cover how this is integrated with the MapsIndoors SDK so the produced positioning is reflected on the map, as well as how we can configure the blue dot styling.

See the full implementation of PositionProvider in our samples repository

Integrating with MapsIndoors SDK

In order for your PositionProvider's produced positions to be rendered on the map, you need to attach it to the MapsIndoors SDK. Use MapsIndoors.setPositionProvider() to set the position provider on the SDK.

// Create a position provider
mPositionProvider = PositionProvider()

MapsIndoors.load(requireActivity().applicationContext, "your mapsindoors api key") {
    // Attach the position provider to the SDK

Start your PositionProvider instance with start(), so it begins producing positioning results.


The MapsIndoors SDK only supports having a single position provider attached at a time. If you wish to have multiple positioning providers, remove your old provider before setting a new one - or incoorporate multiple positioning systems into a single MPPositionProvider imlpementation.

In order for the MapsIndoors SDK to render the positioning on the map, invoke showUserPosition(true) on your MapControl instance.

// Enable showing the position indicator (aka. the blue dot)

You should now have a position indicator on the map, jumping around inside The White House.

Styling the Blue Dot

The default blue dot styling is basic, and likely needs to be styled to fit your application and make sense to users.

Like with most other things in the MapsIndoors SDK, the styling of the blue dot is dictated by a Display Rule.

A good approach is to attach an OnPositionUpdateListener on your PositionProvider instance.

mPositionProvider?.addOnPositionUpdateListener(object: OnPositionUpdateListener {
    override fun onPositioningStarted(provider: MPPositionProvider) {}

    override fun onPositionFailed(provider: MPPositionProvider) {}

    override fun onPositionUpdate(position: MPPositionResultInterface) {}

In the onPositionUpdate() method, we can fetch the Display Rule reserved for the blue dot via MapsIndoors.getDisplayRule() with MPSolutionDisplayRule.POSITION_INDICATOR enum as argument. We can now modify the blue dot styling directly on the Display Rule bluedot. In this case, we want the blue dot to have different icons depending on whether or not the position is directional (has a bearing value) or not. If the position has a bearing, the icon should be a blue circle with a white arrow pointing in the bearing direction. If there is no bearing, the icon should just be a blue circle.

override fun onPositionUpdate(position: MPPositionResultInterface) {
    // Adjust the Display Rule style
    val bluedot = MapsIndoors.getDisplayRule(MPSolutionDisplayRule.POSITION_INDICATOR)
    bluedot.let {

    // Move the camera to the updated position
    activity?.runOnUiThread {
            .newLatLngZoom(LatLngConverter.toLatLng(position.point!!.latLng), 20f))

This is also a good place to animate the camera to the new position, if this is the desired use case.

See the full implementation in our samples repository

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